How Are Musculoskeletal Injuries Diagnosed

Musculoskeletal Injuries can have a debilitating effect and must be properly diagnosed followed by proper treatment. Such injuries are rarely life threatening but by affecting the bones, tendons, ligaments or muscles, they can lead to permanent disability at times. Though anyone can get Musculoskeletal Injury but sportspersons are mostly at the risk of getting injured due to the type of vigorous activity they are involved in. Sports Medicine Specialists and Musculoskeletal Specialists usually diagnose the injury by means of physical examination and certain diagnostic testing procedures. MRIs, CT Scans and X-rays are common Musculoskeletal Diagnosis Procedures and are chosen on the basis of the symptoms of the condition.

Some Common Signals of Musculoskeletal Injury Include

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Deformity
  • Skin discoloration (bruising)
  • Loss of sensation in the affected part
  • Inability to normally use the affected part

Signs of Serious Musculoskeletal Injury

  • Significant deformity
  • Moderate or severe swelling and discoloration
  • Inability to move or use the affected part
  • Bone fragments protruding from the wound
  • Grating of Bones or popping/snapping sound audible to the sufferer
  • Loss of circulation

Apart from physical examination, Musculoskeletal Specialists need to properly diagnose on the basis of patient’s history and determine the extent of the problem.

Types of Musculoskeletal Diagnosis Procedures

· X-Ray: Most commonly, a physician orders X-Rays to determine the severity of the injury in case of fractures. But X-Rays are ineffective to find out ligament or tendon injury.

· Computerized Tomography (CT scan): A CT Scan can provide additional data on fractures or soft tissue problems. In this process, several images are taken from various angles to develop a cross-sectional visualization of the injured area.

· Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Any injury to the tendons, ligaments, bursa or muscles can be properly diagnosed with the help of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The powerful imaging capability of MRI Devices can detect hidden problems that cannot be detected by X-Rays or CT Scans.

It is only after proper diagnosis that appropriate treatment can be started to treat any Musculoskeletal Injury. The musculoskeletal system is such that certain injuries can go undetected for many years, causing severe problems later. Therefore, it becomes very necessary to diagnose any injury using the right method or device to take proper course of action.

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